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English - Calendario del Popolo

English

In 2013 Il Calendario del Popolo, one of the oldest cultural magazines in Italy, celebrated 68 years of uninterrupted activity. It is published quarterly by Sandro Teti Editore.

Il Calendario del Popolo was founded in Rome on March 27, 1945 (a month before Italy’s liberation) by a group of intellectuals lead by Giulio Trevisani and supported by the Italian Communist Party.
For two decades Italian intellectuals had been cut off from the European and American cultural scenes. Since the Italian people had access to no information during the Fascist period, the objective of the magazine was to deal with facts from the past, which during those twenty years had been either hidden or changed.

During its first twenty years, Il Calendario del Popolo was extremely successful in readership and subscriptions. It was published twice a month and had a smaller format. In order to compensate for the lack of scholastic knowledge in the Italian population (who had just gotten over a war) its editorial line followed a literary style and dealt with many different subjects from the Arts to Science.

Together with Trevisani, Tonchio and Funghi, who were the first journalists, many well known Italian intellectuals contributed to the magazine; Enrico Berlinguer, Umberto Terracini, Renato Barilli, Lelio Basso, Stefano Canzio, Giorgio Cingoli, Mario De Micheli, Cesare Musatti, Valentino Gerratana, Antonio Giolitti, Simona Mafai, Concetto Marchesi, Carlo Salinari, Mario Spinella, Rubens Tedeschi, Antonello Trombadori, Ambrogio Donini, Ranuccio Bianchi Bandinelli, Roberto Fieschi, Renato Guttuso and Ernesto De Martino, among others.

Giulio Trevisani (1945-1966), Carlo Salinari (1966-1977) and Franco Della Peruta (1978-2010) were the editors of the magazine.

Il Calendario del Popolo moved to Milan in 1946 and became a center of cultural events: "Congressi di Cultura", "Associazione dei Calendaristi", and the "Premio Citta’ di Cattolica" (for poetry in dialect). The well known intellectuals Salvatore Quasimodo and Edoardo de Filippo were part of a jury which awarded a prize to the then unknown Pier Paolo Pasolini and Tonino Guerra, among others.

By the end of the 1950’s, the Italian Communist Party loosened its ideological grip on the magazine and Il Calendario del Popolo began a more innovative approach. By the beginning of the 1960s it had an important role in putting on debates, on literature, cinema and theatre, including themes and authors unwelcomed by the Communist Party - like Tomasi di Lampedusa author of "Il Gattopardo" (who was severely critized by the communist press) and the new American cinematography.

In 1964, Nicola Teti took over the magazine’s publication, continuing to publish Il Calendario del Popolo for 46 years, at first through "Edizioni del Calendario del Popolo" and then, after 1969, with his own publishing house, Teti Editore.

Between the 1970s and the 1980s Il Calendario del Popolo published whole books in installments. Towards the end of the 1980s it examined the theme of immigration and emigration, dedicating many articles to the subject and promoting three important exhibitions: "Macaroni’ e Vu Cumpra’", "Balie Italiane e Colf Straniere" and "Suonatori, Girovaghi e Lavavetri" - all of which have been updated recently.

Upon Nicola Teti’s sudden death on February 10, 2010, his son Sandro, head of the Sandro Teti Editore publishing house in Rome, decided to continue his father’s work and is now publishing ll Calendario del Popolo.